emotional problems

The History of EFT

Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) are really a combination and derivation of two other processes – Thought Field Therapy and Acupuncture. Acupuncture has been studied and practiced by Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners for centuries.  Long before the ideas of traditional Western Medicine were conceived, practitioners were healing and empowering others using meridians and energy fields.  (1)

Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is an offshoot of this theory, incorporating tapping at the meridian points accompanied by affirmations or statements. For close to 30 years now TFT has provided relief and assistance to balance the body’s energy system.  Unfortunately, TFT requires intensive knowledge and training to use correctly.

Dr. Roger Callahan, American psychologist specializing in the treatment of anxiety disorders, learned Applied Kinesiology and studied the meridian system of acupuncture.  He was the physician who combined the use of tapping for emotional problems and simultaneously focusing on a specific fear.  The process was discovered quite by accident with a patient who had significant fear of the water.  In an effort to help her calm her stomach pain from the anxiety he inadvertently changed her behavior and eradicated her phobia.

In the coming years Gary Craig studied with Roger Callahan to learn his Thought Field Therapy techniques.  Dr. Callahan was devoted to the development of this new technique that could produce ‘one minute wonders’ in patients who had suffered for years with phobias and fears.  In an effort to delineate it as much as possible, he used muscle testing to determine the exact area that required the ‘tapping’ to achieve success.

But this muscle testing made the use of the process cumbersome and time consuming.  And, it wasn’t clear that this type of precision was necessary to effect the results the doctors wanted to achieve.  In 1987, Dr. Carrington, psychologist, and Gary Craig, Stanford engineer and performance coach, came to the same conclusion at the same time.  They could attempt a single-algothrim method in order to simplify the approach and potentially achieve the same results.

Their methods didn’t rely on muscle testing but simply used the acupuncture end points during tapping rounds.  Dr. Carrington began achieving excellent results with her patients using her Acutap methods and Gary Craig separated himself from Dr. Callahan in order to pursue his goals.  Dr. Callahan didn’t approve of the new method that Craig called Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT).

Gary Craig has been teaching EFT since the early 1990s and it has become one of the most influential Energy Psychology methods in the world.  After investigating the methods that Gary Craig developed Dr. Carrington switched her patients from Acutap to EFT and began using it exclusively.

In 2000 Dr. Carrington expanded the EFT method and named it “Choices” which was endorsed by Gary Craig.  Today, psychologists use Choices in their clinical practice to help patients move past their negative emotions related to stress and anxiety and have been experiencing positive benefits and results for their patients.

This historical journey for EFT was put in motion decades ago when Chinese Medical practitioners discovered and used the energy fields, called meridians, in the body to help the healing process.  In the movement forward Dr. Callahan, Dr. Carrington and Gary Craig have all been pivotal in the development of a process that can be used by professionals in the office or individuals at home to improve their overall health and mental well being.

(1) Oxford Journals; Rheumatology: A Brief History of Acupuncture

What is Emotional Freedom Technique?

Emotional Freedom Technique, also referred to as EFT, is a means of accessing energy meridians within the body that have long been a part of acupuncture in Chinese medicine. (1) However, EFT is noninvasive and can be used by the individual without the aid of a practitioner anywhere, any time and for any reason the individual feels it is necessary.

EFT is a powerful way of combining the established sciences of Mind Body Medicine and acupuncture without the use of needles. The history of the use of Emotional Freedom Technique lies in ancient Chinese medicine and is now becoming recognized by traditional Western medicine practitioners, mostly for its use as an anesthetic in hospital settings. However, Emotional Freedom Technique has been discovered to be a powerful way of accessing and erasing negative emotions in the human psyche.

In essence, Emotional Freedom Techniques are a way of stimulating certain points within the body through the use of tapping. Where an acupuncturist may have used needles or an individual practicing acupressure may use deep tissue pressure, those who practice Emotional Freedom Techniques take advantage of the immediacy in their environment by “tapping” into their meridian points and essentially breaking a negative emotional path.

Many of the tapping points that are used by Emotional Freedom Technique practitioners are those we automatically use ourselves when we are under stress. Think back to a time when you were recently stressed, had a headache or were thinking deeply. Most of us automatically reach for in the area on our face above our eyes, at our temples, below the eyes at the top of the cheekbone or at the base of the chin. Each of these are tapping points used in Emotional Freedom Techniques. In essence, the practice takes advantage of those points which we normally use to relieve our stress.

The interesting thing about emotional freedom techniques is that, when done at the correct places on the body, they work whether the individual believes in the practice or not. Think of it like a medical practice that your primary care physician would recommend to you. Whether you believe a medication can lower your blood pressure or not, the medication, for the most part, will work on the large majority of individuals for whom it is prescribed. Whether you believe that setting a fracture and placing it in a cast will work or not, when done correctly by a skilled practitioner, the leg will heal well and you will regain full function without pain. The same is true for emotional freedom techniques. When they are done at the correct position, whether you agree with the practice are not, it will work.

Critics of emotional freedom technique describe the theory as pseudoscientific and suggest that it stems from a cognitive component, such as a placebo effect where the individual recognizes the end result which should occur and makes it occur through the power of his own mind. There have been several scientific studies which purport to have found both negative and positive findings. Interestingly, the areas of the body which emotional freedom technique practitioners use, are those the same areas which are used for acupressure and acupuncture. And, while there has been the same degree of variety in scientific research for the use of acupuncture or acupressure, the basis of Emotional Freedom Technique is found in traditional Chinese medicine which has been functional for thousands of years.

Emotional Freedom Techniques are very easy to learn at home and help an individual to remove their negative emotions surrounding a specific event, reduce their food cravings and can be used to eliminate pain and help a person implement positive goals. Essentially, those who use EFT are inputting kinetic energy and short-circuiting and emotional block from the internal balance of the mind and body.

Despite its critics and the belief of traditional Western medical practitioners that the underlying scientific theory for the use of Emotional Freedom Techniques is flawed, the practice continues to grow as more individuals report significant positive results.

(1) Shen Nog: What is the Meridian System?

Aromatherapy; Lavender

LavanderLatin name: Lavandula Augustifolia

Of all the Essential Oils, Lavender is unquestionably the most versatile and well-used oil and is also one of the few oils
that can be applied to the skin without diluting first. The antiseptic properties of lavender make it, especially valuable in skin care.
Lavender’s calming and soothing properties have a balancing effect on body and mind. Which is ideal when you’re stressed and tensed, and you’re in desperate need of relaxation. Furthermore, it will help, bring you in the mood to sleep.

The oil is extracted from the flowering tips of the evergreen shrub. It is cultivated in southern Europe, and in countries as apart as Australia and Britain.

Herbal Tradition:
Lavender was a favourite bathtime cleanser for the ancient Romans and has been used to speed healing.
Since the 18th century, it has been used in soap, perfumes, talc and pot-pourri

The essential oil is one of the most commonly used. It is both relaxing and stimulating, a powerful antiseptic and healer.
It also calms, refreshes, invigorates and lifts the spirit.

In aromatherapy it is excellent for tension, tiredness or depression, skin problems and aches or pains.
Because it is so gentle, it may be applied undiluted to burnt skin or insect bites and is safe to use during pregnancy.

Home Use:
Massage, baths, inhalation, poultice, compress.
A few drops in a hot bath will make you feel pleasantly drowsy and relieve anxiety. In a cool bath, it will refresh and energise.
Inhale a few drops from a tissue to clear the head and lift the spirits.
In massage, it is good for tense muscles or mental fatigue.
A lavender bath at night or a few drops on a pillow produce a calming effect.
Give your feet a treat with a delicious lavender foot bath.

Lavender is a brilliant first aider – dab neat onto cuts, abrasions, burns, insect bites and stings and watch how fast they heal.

It blends well with most oils, especially:
citrus oils;
Clary Sage;

It is perfectly safe for home use.

What is Vitamin B12 and Why is it important?

Vitamin B12 is one of eight B vitamins and is also known as Cobalamin. It is the most complex vitamin in the human body. It is essential for a range of healthy bodily functions including the production of red blood cells, the health of the nervous system, immune function and sperm production.

There is also evidence to suggest that Vitamin B12 reduces cancer risk and the chances of suffering from heart disease.

The fact that the body does not store this important substance efficiently means that to avoid the levels of Vitamin B12 depleting rapidly it must be regularly absorbed into the body from food.

Fortunately, research is uncovering various conditions and illnesses that are thought to be linked to a vitamin B12 deficiency.

Sources of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is found in quite a wide range of foods but because it is only produced by bacterial fermentation-synthesis, it is only found naturally in animal products.

It is commonly added to foods and is available as a supplement or as a vitamin B12 spray. Those who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet can easily become deficient in vitamin B12 or they may absorb enough to avoid severe deficiency but not to protect against the risk of heart disease or dangerous complications during pregnancy.

For this reason vegetarians and vegans should be especially aware of their vitamin B12 intake. The body can safely take on high doses of vitamin B12 because any that is not needed can be either stored or excreted.

The following are sources rich in vitamin B12;


Lamb’s liver and pork liver are amongst the richest sources of vitamin B12. Lamb’s liver provides 85.7μg (1428% RDA) of vitamin B12 per 100g serving, a truly impressive vitamin B12 content.


Shellfish are another excellent source of vitamin B12, especially oysters, clams and mussels. These also provide other important substances such as zinc, copper and iron in significant amounts.

Clams contain 98.9μg per 100g serving, accounting for 1648% of the RDA. That is 84μg (1401% RDA) per 3 ounce serving, and 187.9μg (3132% RDA) in 20 small clams, or 9.4μg (156.6 %RDA) in one small clam!

Crab and lobster are also high in vitamin B12, not as high as clams etc but a 100g portion of crab contains 11.5μg of vitamin B12 (192% of the RDA).

Lobster can provide 4.04μg (67% RDA) per 100g serving, or 6.59μg (110% RDA) in an average whole lobster (163g).


There are many types of fish that provide substantial levels of vitamin B12.

Mackerel provides the most vitamin B-12 with 19μg per 100g serving (317% RDA),

followed by Herring (312% RDA),

Salmon (302%),

Tuna (181%),

Cod (167%),

Sardines (149%),

Trout (130%), and Bluefish (104%).

Fish eggs (caviar) are also high in vitamin B12.

The eggs of white fish contain the most vitamin B-12 with 56.4μg (940% RDA) per 100g serving.

Caviar contains a third of that with 20μg (333% RDA) of vitamin B12 per 100g serving.


While octopus is more commonly found in traditional Mediterranean and eastern cooking, it is becoming more popular on a global level.

Octopus typically provides 36μg of vitamin B-12 per 100g serving accounting for 600% of the RDA.


The amount of vitamin B12 in beef depends on the cut you choose but the best choice in terms of vitamin B12 levels is lean chuck steak, followed by sirloin then rib-eye.


Lean lamb is a good source of vitamin B12 and also is a good source of protein and zinc. Lamb shoulder is the best cut of lamb for vitamin B12 levels.


As well as providing calcium and vitamin B2, cheese is a fairly good source of vitamin B12.

Swiss cheese provides the most with 3.34μg (56% RDA) per 100g serving,

followed by Gjetost (40% RDA),

Mozzarella(39% RDA),

Parmesan (38% RDA),

Tilsit (35% RDA), and Feta (28% RDA).


Chicken eggs are another fairly good source of vitamin B12 , the yolk has the highest level. Goose eggs and duck eggs have even higher levels of vitamin B12.


Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Not getting enough vitamin B12 leads to a deficiency which causes the red blood cells that are produced to be larger than normal and unable to function properly.

This is more common in older people but can affect people of all ages.

Vitamin deficiencies often go unnoticed. Therefore it can be difficult to pinpoint the underlying cause of the wide ranging symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency.

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency;

Because vitamin B12 is of influence in so many systems in the body, the symptoms of a deficiency will be different for everyone.
Where one person in particular suffer from fatigue, tingling, memory loss and problems with muscle cramps, someone ells can be suffering from an inflamed tongue, menstruation complaints, trouble concentrating and depression.

The symptoms can also vary during the years.


  • Weird feeling in the feet (feeling of walking on felt, wadding or pads; surface feeling is disturbed, under-sensitivity to pain; burning sensation on the skin)
  • Tingling feeling (in the feet and hands and later in legs, arms, face “feels like being charged “; “ants walk”; also numbness in hands and feet, shaky hands, loss of control over your arms/legs)
  • Concentration and memory problems (can’t think clearly, wadding head, drowsiness)
  • Heavy and stiff feeling in the legs (pain in the hips)
  • Fasciculaties /myokymieën (muscle vibrations; contraction of a small part of a muscle most common near the eye, but can be in other places of the body; involuntary movements, restless legs)
  • Ataxia, loss of position (unstable / difficult walk, stumble; walking like being drunk until no longer able to walk; walking against things; unexplained fall; dropping things out of your hands; being clumsy)
  • Aphasia (problems with speaking; using wrong words; can’t remember the right words; speaking with “double tongue”; “keyboard-aphasia”: swapping letters)
  • Mental health problems:
    “Short fuse” / irritability; Mood swings; Irrational to serious mental complaints
  • Panic attacks and suicidal behaviour; Nervousness; Psychosis; Paranoia
  • Dementia (memory loss); Depression; Confusion


  • Fatigue (sometimes very tired)
  • Drowsiness (need a lot of sleep, just fall asleep spontaneously)
  • Lack of energy
  • Discolorution around the knockles (skin is browner then the rest of your fingers)
  • Glossitis (inflamed tongue; burning, painful or irritated tongue, especially among seasoned/spicy food, sour drinks and when brushing your teeth; inflamed and/or bloody gums; iron-/metal taste); Canker sores
  • Dizziness
  • Tightness of chest (angineuze pains, palpitations, arrhythmias, accelerated heart rate, shortness of breath)
  • Being cold (sometimes a burning sensation on the skin)
  • Myalgia (muscle pain after exercise, is worse than before; sometimes muscle cramps; muscle weakness; strength loss)
  • Pain (including back, hands, wrists, joints, hips and knees)
  • Inflammation in the digestive system (up to bowel perforation)
  • Nausea (no appetite, indefinable feeling in the stomach)
  • Bowel complaints, diarrhoea (with some regularity)
  • Derogatory reflexes
  • Weight loss (loss of appetite, loss of taste/smell)
  • Anaemia, sometimes little, often not; (fainting; dry skin; itching; yellowing eyes and skin; paleness; hyper pigmentation; spontaneous bruising; petechia)
  • Problems with eyes (optic neuropathy, blurred vision, loss of visual field)
  • Hearing problems (tinnitus, distorted sound),
  • Hair loss
  • Friable nails
  • Hyper tone bladder (incontinent, even a little bit and/or weak bladder)
  • Headaches/migraines
  • Infections (vaginal-and an increased risk of urinary system infections)
  • Menstrual problems (irregular, heavy, long, increased pain, sometimes no menstruation at all, error-positive PAP smear)
  • Infertility/miscarriages, birth abnormalities; libido loss, impotence
  • Young children with a deficit: growth and development is lagging behind, autistic behaviour

Who is most at risk from vitamin B12 deficiency?

Some groups of people are more at risk from vitamin B12 deficiency than others and the risk increases with age. The following groups should be especially vigilant for signs of a possible vitamin B12 deficiency;

Those with Atrophic Gastritis may have trouble absorbing vitamin B12 properly and so a supplement is often recommended to keep levels up.

Vegans and vegetarians may not get enough vitamin B12 because they do not consume animal products, supplements and foods with vitamin B12 added to them are recommended for those who avoid animal produce, especially during pregnancy when it more important than ever to have the right levels of vitamin B12 in the body.

People who are taking medications including Proton pump inhibitors, Metformin, Histamine antagonists, Bacteriostatic Antibiotics and anticonvulsants. Advice should always be taken from a medical professional if you are taking medication and think you may have a vitamin B12 deficiency.

Vitamin B12 and the Earth

The level of vitamin B12 in foodstuffs depends on how much nutrition the animal absorbs from the food it eats.

If vitamin and mineral levels in the earth are low, the animal then does not absorb as much and then we in turn do not absorb as much.

Intensive farming, chemicals and environmental damage all play a part in the depletion of nutrients in the soil and so farming techniques that take this into account will always produce better sources of vitamin B12 and other important nutrients.

Also there is the matter of the preventive vaccination the animals receive. The more we give this to the animals, the worse their general health will be, which in turn has his effect on the meat we eat.

Vitamin B12 and Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a condition that experts are only really beginning to understand.

Sufferers experience widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disorders and depression. Many sufferers also have high levels of homocysteine and low levels of vitamin B12 (vitamin B12 reduces the level of homocysteine) and research now suggests a link between the two conditions.

Experts are researching how chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia could be successfully treated with vitamin B12 supplements.

Solutions to vitamin B12 Deficiency

The solutions to any vitamin deficiency are to increase the levels of that particular vitamin in your body.

For vitamin B12 deficiencies you can increase your intake of foods that are rich in vitamin B12, increase your intake of foods that have had vitamin B12 added to them or choose a supplement.

There are various supplements available, in various forms including injections. Research suggests that one of the most effective ways to take a supplement is in the form of a vitamin B12 spray.
Check with your health practitioner if you think you depleted with vitamin B12.


Transdermal Vitamin B12

Order your Transdermal Vitamin B12 Spray

What is Colon Cancer?

This is a Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). We might add that most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). A diet mostly of cooked and processed foods devoid of enzymes is the main cause of colon cancer. Enzymes are especially found in raw foods. By the time the digestion process is in the final stages if the food is devoid of enzymes the colon which is the final process of digestion is robbed of necessary enzymes for proper digestion. Eventually this is a major contributing factor in Colon cancer.

Health Problems Earthing Therapy Can Help You With!

Earthing Therapy can you help you with several health problems and other important issues.

    Earthing, Pain and Inflammation®
    Earthing and Nighttime Urination®
    Earthing and anti-aging®
    Earthing and Wounds®
    Earthing and Sleep®
    Earthing Blood Electrodynamics and High Blood Pressure®
    Earthing, Blood Sugar Regulation, Diabetes and Obesity®
    Earthing and Hormones (Cortisol, thyroid)®
    Earthing and Auto Immune Conditions.®
    Earthing and the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)®
    Earthing and Chronic Fatigue®
    Earthing and Electrosensitivity®
    Earthing and Household EMF®
    Earthing Mobile phones and PC’s®
    Earthing and the Brain®
    Earthing and Osteoporosis®
    Earthing® and Exercise

What is Earthing?

Many people have noticed that they feel better when they spend time barefoot in the outdoors. Now we know why!

Earthing™ (re-connecting with the earth) is a recent idea. It is based on scientific evidence confirming the long-suspected necessity for barefoot contact with the earth. Modern science has determined that standing barefoot on the earth (or otherwise connecting to the natural frequencies of the earth) has a wide variety of effects on the human body.

Standing barefoot on the earth (or otherwise connecting to the natural frequencies of the earth) connects the human body with an unlimited supply of free electrons resident in and on the surface of the earth. Standing barefoot on the earth also connects the human body with rhythmic cycles of the earth’s energy field. These appear important for synchronizing biological clocks, hormonal cycles and physiological rhythms.

The cells in your body constantly draw energy from the brain and the Earth’s electromagnetic field in an effort to achieve what is called “magnetic resonance”. Magnetic resonance occurs when the magnetic frequency in your brain matches a harmonic of the frequencies of the other organs and body tissues.
This normally occurs for only brief periods during sleep. During these periods, your body’s ability to heal, create enzymes and boost immunity is enhanced. Other vital functions related to magnetic resonance are being discovered almost daily by those working in the emerging field of quantum medicine. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 00;97;6242) (FASEB J 92;(abstract 2433)(Sci Week 00;Vol4(32))
– Dr.David Williams, Alternatives, March 2004.

Because our modern lifestyle prohibits most people from spending time in direct contact with the earth, Barefoot Connections™ products were designed to help make the connection – in the comfort of your own home or work place. In today’s world, re-connecting with the earth (Earthing™) could be one of the most important things you do!

This simple diagram illustrates how the concept of Earthing™ works. When a person is in bed – resting or sleeping on either the Barefoot Connections™ Bed Pad or on a Barefoot Connections™ Sheet Set – the body is connected to the earth. The sheeting fabric contains a grid of conductive, inherently antimicrobial, silver yarn. The fabric snaps to a copper wire system which is connected to the earth via a cable and stainless 3mm diameter, 30 cm long rod. The connection point does not require a big area- just 3cm (1 inch) diameter – as long as the roping reaches into continuous soil. (Unfortunately a plant pot wont work, as we want a connection to the whole earth field.) The body is immediately brought to the same electrical potential as the earth and connected with the earth’s vital electrons and other natural rhythms and frequencies. All of this occurs at the speed of light and without effort while in a state of rest or sleep.

Here’s how YOU can use
The Earthing Therapy right NOW!

Go outside for at least 30 minutes with bare feet and walk, play, run, sit or lay down on grass, concrete, dirt or sand and feel the difference in your body and your energy levels.

Because these surfaces are conductive it will allow the Earth’s Energy to flow into your body and it will help you with your health problems the Natural Way.

What is Bone Cancer?

Bone cancer usually the result of cancer metastasizing. Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in cells of your bone.

Here is a list of some types of primary bone cancer:

    Ewing’s sarcoma
    malignant fibrous histiocytoma

There is also what is known as Secondary bone cancer which is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung).

Return to Top

What Are the Main Causes of Cancer?

Research shows that there are basically seven main causes of cancer. Knowing this will greatly enhance a person’s chances of survival.

Cause No 1 – Weak Immune System
Usually caused by a severe negative emotional shock (death in the family, divorce, family problems, financial setbacks, etc.) overworked and run down over an extended period of time, lack of rest, and improper nutrition that reinforces the immune system.

Cause No 2 – Toxins
Such as dangerous chemicals (in the workplace, home or garden), microbes, parasites and fungus, etc.

Cause No 3 – Improper Diet
An regular consumption of refined sugar and refined oils, such as in fizzy (soft) drinks, chips (crisps), store bought pastries, deep fried foods (French fries, donuts), prepared meats (hot dogs, sausages, bacon, ham) fast foods, food additives, etc

Cause No 4 – Oxygen Deprivation
Trans fats (margarine, refined vegetable oils) use in deep fried foods and processed foods (mayonnaise, refined vegetable oils) actually suffocate the cells when ingested depriving the body of life giving oxygen.

Cause No 5 – Acidic Body
Our body is a little chemical factory that works hard to keeps us healthy. But in order to do that we need a neutral PH Balance (7.4). Cancer thrives on a acidic and low oxygen environment. Research has proven that terminal cancer patients have an acidity level of 1.000 times more than normal healthy people.

Cause No 6 – Unresolved Emotional Problems
When you have unresolved emotional problems (death in the family, divorce, family problems, financial setbacks, etc.) than that will translate itself in several ailments. One of them is Cancer.

Cause No 7 – Vitamin D Deficiency
Nowadays people are scared of using the most important source of Vitamin D. Sunshine!
But it helps our body in more ways that most of us know, especially when dealing with cancer.
Most people are told that the sun is a cause of cancer, but there’s almost no evidence at all to support it. Instead there is plenty of evidence that appropriate sun exposure actually helps prevent skin cancer.
Skin cancer has been found to decrease with greater sun exposure and can be increased by sunscreens.

It may be a combination of all of these “causes” or one in particular that a cancer patient can pinpoint as their main reason for having cancer.

Return to Top

Signs and Symptoms for Bladder Cancer

Signs And Symptoms For Bladder Cancer

There are a number of bladder cancer signs and symptoms.

Chronic irritation
Experience inflammation
They could lead to cells forming squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma which develop in the inner lining of the bladder.

More information will be added.

Return to Top

Bladder Cancer

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is fairly common. To begin with we might mention that most bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the bladder). Cancer that forms in the tissues of your bladder (which is the organ that stores urine). There are other type which include squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells) and also adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).

Return to Top

Bile Duct Cancer

This is actually a very rare cancer that forms in the part of the bile duct that is outside the liver. What is the bile duct? This is the tube that collects bile from the liver and joins a duct from the gallbladder to form the common bile duct, which then carries bile into the small intestine when food is being digested.

More information will be added.

Return to Top

Appendix Cancer

Also called gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor. This is an indolent (slow-growing) cancer that forms in cells that make hormones in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (the stomach and intestines). Quite often it occurs in the appendix (a small fingerlike pouch of the large intestine), small intestine, or rectum. Our experience has shown that having gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor increases the risk of forming other cancers of the digestive system.

More information will be added.

Return to Top